Advance in techonology makes marijuana leaglize in the United States

by Yifan Gao

110286299


Most people have a negative perception of the plant marijuana. It is often associated with words like addiction, overdose, and drug abuse. People who stereotype Marijuana as a dangerous drug are common, consequently, not many people know of or have explored the idea that Marijuana can be also used as medicines. The debate of whether medical Marijuana should be legalized is a hot topic over the past few years and is still being debated in today's society. In fact, medical marijuana can be used to treat over fifty physical and psychological illnesses, and there are already twenty three states in the U.S. that have legalized the use of Marijuana in medicines. As citizens of the United States of America, we should have the choice to use the medicines we want, therefore, medical marijuana should be legalized as a prescription medicine.

marijuana

Marijuana, however, has beneficial effects for various psychological and physical illnesses and therefore they can be an effective medicine. Marijuana actually has anti-inflammatory effects and may benefit some patients with inflammatory physical disease such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD), amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), cachexia/wasting syndrome, cancer, Crohn’s disease (CD), epilepsy and seizures, glaucoma, hepatitis C virus (HCV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), multiple sclerosis (MS) and muscle spasticity, severe and chronic pain, severe nausea, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) (Belendiuk, Baldini, and Bonn-Miller). Two of the main uses of medical marijuana is tod reduce the awful pain and nausea from diseases and to stimulate appetite to help patients suffering from the above diseases get enough nutrients they need to recover from the illness.

Medical marijuana policies in the U.S. vary by state. Some states such as Colorado and Washington legalized the use of recreational marijuana by state law. The law allows the legal possession and use of marijuana, while other states have decriminalized marijuana, reducing the penalties for possession and use of small amounts of marijuana to fines or civil penalties. By now there are twenty-three states and the District of Columbia that have passed legislation allowing medical marijuana, and “individuals can defend themselves against criminal charges related to marijuana possession if a medical need is documented.” (Belendiuk, Baldini and Bonn-Miller) This means that in twenty-three states in the U.S., medical marijuana is accessible and is allowed for the treatment of a variety of physical and psychological conditions as mentioned above. To make marijuana available to a patient, though, doctors and nurse practitioners must decide which patients are eligible and what dose is appropriate before issuing a prescription.

States
States legalized marijuana
  1. Alaska
  2. Arizona
  3. California
  4. Colorado
  5. Connecticut
  6. Delaware
  7. Hawaii
  8. Illinois
  9. Maine
  10. Maryland
  11. Massachusetts
  12. Michigan
  1. Montana
  2. Nevada
  3. New Hampshire
  4. New Jersey
  5. New Mexico
  6. New York
  7. Ohio
  8. Oregon
  9. Pennsylvania
  10. Rhode Island
  11. Vermont
  12. Washington
  13. Washington DC

Countries legalized marijuana
  1. Colombia
  2. Cananda
  3. Czech Republic
  4. Uruguay
  5. Spain
  6. United States
  7. Portugal
  8. Netherlands
  9. Switzerland
  10. Romania

Citation

Belendiuk, Katherine A., Lisa L. Baldini, and Marcel O. Bonn-Miller. "Narrative review of the safety and efficacy of marijuana for the treatment of commonly state-approved medical and psychiatric disorders." Addiction Science & Clinical Practice 10.1 (2015): n. pag.

https://ascpjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13722-015-0032-7

"Countries That Have Legalized Marijuana Usage." Ghana News Today | Latest News on BuzzGhana.com. N.p., 02 Dec. 2016. Web. 24 Feb. 2017.

http://buzzghana.com/countries-legalize-marijuana/

"State Marijuana Laws in 2016 Map." Governing magazine: State and local government news for America's leaders. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Feb. 2017.

http://www.governing.com/gov-data/state-marijuana-laws-map-medical-recreational.html