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phy131studiof16:lectures:chapter7 [2016/07/28 15:45]
mdawber [Gravitational Potential Energy]
phy131studiof16:lectures:chapter7 [2016/07/28 15:46] (current)
mdawber
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-===== Nail Drop Demo ===== 
  
-| {{naildrop.png?​100}} | If I drop the weight from twice the  height what is  the ratio of the velocity measured at the photogate to the velocity measured in the first drop?\\ \\ If  I drop the weight from twice the height what is the ratio of the distance the nail goes in to the distance it went  in on the first drop?  | 
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-===== Nail Drop Explained ===== 
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-During the drop of the weight only conservative forces act. So whatever potential energy we lose, $mg\Delta h$, gets converted in to kinetic energy, $\frac{1}{2}mv^{2}$. 
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-If we drop the weight from twice the height we see that the ratio of the kinetic energy should be $\frac{K_{2h}}{K_{h}}=2$ and as the kinetic energy is proportional to the square of the velocity the ratio $\frac{v_{2h}^{2}}{v_{h}^2}=2$ and $\frac{v_{2h}}{v_{h}}=\sqrt{2}$ 
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-When the weight hits the nail the force is used to push the nail in to the block. We should note that this a non-conservative force, the force is used to deform the block in an irreversible fashion! However the work-energy theorem still applies, so the amount of work done is equal to the kinetic energy lost.  
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-As $W=Fd$ the distance the nail goes in should be twice as much when the kinetic energy is twice as much, $\frac{d_{2h}}{d_{h}}=2$. 
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-===== Total Energy Conservation ===== 
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-Non conservative forces remove mechanical energy from the system, but it is not destroyed, it is simply converted to a different form of energy (frequently,​ but not always, heat). 
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-The total energy conservation law can also be useful, for example when a frictional force $\vec{F}_{fr}$ is acting and an object travels a distance $d$ while it goes from a height $h_{1}$ to $h_{2}$, changing it's velocity from $v_{1}$ to $v_{2}$, conservation of total energy tells us 
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-$\frac{1}{2}mv_{1}^2+mgh_{1}=\frac{1}{2}mv_{2}^2+mgh_{2}+F_{fr}d$ 
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-===== Snow Bike ===== 
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-[[http://​www.youtube.com/​watch?​v=Ub-FSE8FcyA&​feature=related|Snow Bike Video]] 
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-{{snowbike.png}} 
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-If the cyclist starts from rest then what is his velocity at the bottom of the hill? 
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-How far will he travel down the road before coming to a stop? 
phy131studiof16/lectures/chapter7.txt ยท Last modified: 2016/07/28 15:46 by mdawber
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