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phy131studiof17:lectures:chapter16 [2017/11/03 11:35] mdawber [Open and closed pipes] |
phy131studiof17:lectures:chapter16 [2017/11/13 09:12] (current) mdawber [Sonic Boom] |
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- | ===== A flaming tube ===== | ||

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- | [[wp>Rubens%27_Tube|Ruben's tube]], invented by Heinrich Rubens in 1905, like the Shive Wave Machine, is really only useful at demonstrating wave concepts. But it's very good at that! | ||

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- | {{flametube.png}} | ||

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- | To understand why the flames are lower where the pressure varies more we need to realize that the velocity at which gas flows out is proportional to the square root of the pressure difference. This comes from Bernoulli's principle. | ||

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- | It's worth noting that as the speed of sound is $v=\sqrt{\frac{B}{\rho}}$ and the density $\rho$ can be approximated as the propane pressure the standing wave frequencies depend on the propane pressure and will not be the same as the frequencies when the tube is just full of air at external pressure. | ||

===== Properties of Sound ===== | ===== Properties of Sound ===== | ||

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More on sonic booms on [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonic_boom|wikipedia]]. | More on sonic booms on [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonic_boom|wikipedia]]. | ||

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+ | ===== A flaming tube ===== | ||

+ | |||

+ | |||

+ | [[wp>Rubens%27_Tube|Ruben's tube]], invented by Heinrich Rubens in 1905, like the Shive Wave Machine, is really only useful at demonstrating wave concepts. But it's very good at that! | ||

+ | |||

+ | |||

+ | {{flametube.png}} | ||

+ | |||

+ | To understand why the flames are lower where the pressure varies more we need to realize that the velocity at which gas flows out is proportional to the square root of the pressure difference. This comes from Bernoulli's principle. | ||

+ | |||

+ | It's worth noting that as the speed of sound is $v=\sqrt{\frac{B}{\rho}}$ and the density $\rho$ can be approximated as the propane pressure the standing wave frequencies depend on the propane pressure and will not be the same as the frequencies when the tube is just full of air at external pressure. | ||